Using insulin to manage blood sugar
Knowing how insulin impacts blood sugar levels will help you better control your diabetes. Diabetes treatment frequently includes insulin therapy. Recognize the importance of insulin in controlling blood sugar and avoiding diabetic complications.
Insulin’s Function in the Body
Understanding how this naturally occurring hormone operates in the body and what occurs if you have diabetes can help you comprehend the need for insulin therapy.
If you don’t have diabetes, insulin helps:
- Regulate blood sugar levels. After you eat, carbohydrates break down into glucose, a sugar that is the body’s primary source of energy. Glucose then enters the bloodstream. The pancreas responds by producing insulin, which allows glucose to enter the body’s cells to provide energy.
- Store excess glucose for energy. When insulin levels are high following a meal, extra glucose is stored in the liver as glycogen. When insulin levels are low between meals, the liver transfers glycogen into the bloodstream as glucose. This keeps blood sugar levels within a restricted range.
If you have diabetes:
Because there is inadequate insulin to transport glucose into your cells, your glucose levels will rise after you eat. Type 2 diabetics do not use insulin efficiently and do not produce enough insulin (insulin deficiency). Patients with type 1 diabetes produce little or no insulin.
Untreated high blood glucose levels can result in blindness, nerve damage, and kidney damage.
Insulin therapy objectives
If you have type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy is vital for replacing the insulin your body doesn’t produce. Sometimes, people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin therapy if other treatments haven’t been able to keep blood glucose levels within the desired range. Insulin therapy helps prevent diabetes complications by keeping your blood sugar within your target range.
Types of insulin
There are several types of insulin available that vary in how quickly and how long they can control blood sugar. Frequently your doctor may recommend combining more than one type of insulin. To determine which types of insulin you need and how much you need, your doctor will consider factors such as the type of diabetes you have, your glucose levels, how much your blood sugar fluctuates throughout the day, and your lifestyle.
The general types of insulin therapy include:
- Long-, ultralong- or intermediate-acting insulin. When you’re not eating, your liver releases glucose so the body continually has energy. Long, ultra-long or intermediate-acting insulin helps the body use this glucose and keeps glucose levels from rising too high.
Examples of these insulins are glargine (Lantus, Toujeo, others), detemir (Levemir), degludec (Tresiba) and NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N, Novolin ReliOn Insulin N). These insulins work for between eight and 40 hours, depending on the type.
- Rapid- or short-acting insulin. These insulins are ideal for preventing blood sugar spikes after you eat. They begin to work much faster than long-acting or intermediate-acting insulins do, sometimes in as little as three minutes. But they work for a much shorter period of time, usually about two to four hours. insulin uses
Examples of these insulins include Aspart (NovoLog, Fiasp), glulisine (Apidra), lispro (Humalog, Admelog), and regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Myxredlin, ReliOn R). Insulin for sale online
Insulin delivery options
Insulin doesn’t come in pill form because the digestive system would break it down before it had a chance to work. But there are several choices for insulin delivery. Your doctor can help you decide which fits best with your lifestyle and treatment needs.
- Shots or pens. Insulin can be injected into the fat just below your skin with a syringe and needle or a pen-like device that holds insulin with a needle attached. How often depends on the type of diabetes you have, your blood sugar levels, and how often you eat. It may be multiple times each day.
- Insulin pump. An insulin pump pushes small, steady doses of rapid-acting insulin into a thin tube inserted underneath your skin. These doses are delivered repeatedly throughout the day. There are several different kinds of insulin pumps available.
Buy Insulin online, Insulin therapy can sometimes be demanding, but it’s an effective way to lower blood sugar levels. If you have any trouble with your insulin regimen, such as difficulty avoiding very low or very high blood sugar levels, be sure to talk to your doctor to see if any adjustments need to be made. By choosing an insulin regimen that fits your needs and lifestyle, you can prevent diabetes complications and lead an active, healthy life.
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